In the second part of this discourse, we begin with the reflections on the Qur’anic verses which describe Allah’s justice as well as his generosity towards man. Allah SWT out of His generosity and love for man multiplies the good deed of man by ten times, and to the evil, the punishment is no more than commensurate with the sin man commits.

Allah demonstrates that He is the symbol of Justice and Mercy. He never does injustice and always shows sympathy and mercy to his servants. That is why the Holy Qur’an has taught us that when a person does a good deed Allah records it and multiplies it as He likes. If he continues with good doings He will mark it more and more good deeds, but when he commits a sin He will record it as a single sin and when he repents for it He will wash him of it and make him free from sins, and even, turns all the bad deeds to good deeds.

He that doeth good shall have ten times as much to his credit: he that doeth evil shall only be recompensed according to his evil. No wrong shall be done unto (any of) them. Holy Qur’an, 6:160.

Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is oft-Forgiving, Most merciful. Holy Qur’an, 25:70.

The Prophet (PBUH) has taught us several ways to get our sins forgiven by Allah. The most important among them is increased invocations to Him and pray sincerely and hopefully. Especially after compulsory prayers and in the night. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) has said “Our Rabb descends to the lowest heaven every night during the last third of the night and says:’ Is there anyone in need to be given what he needs? Is there anyone who asks for forgiveness so that I may forgive him?”

We should understand that though we can raise our hands and pray to Allah on any occasion this is a very special occasion when our du’a is guaranteed to be answered. Likewise, the period of time proceeding from Fajr can also be well exploited for requesting for Allah’s forgiveness and mercy. Apart from this it is reported that there is a certain time on Friday, where our invocations are answered. We can say any du’a to Allah. The words or languages are not important. But it is highly recommended to recite the propheticdu’aas reported from the Prophet (PBUH). Some of the prayers are translated from the Arabic script as below:

“I seek forgiveness of Allah’, ‘My Sustainer! Forgive me and have mercy upon me, for You are the best of those who show mercy’, My Sustainer! Forgive me, ‘I seek forgiveness from Allah. There is no god but He, the Living, the One, Who sustains and Protects all that exists, and I turn to Him in repentance”.

The Prophet further said in another tradition, “The most superior way of asking for forgiveness from Allah is: O Allah! You are my Lord. None has the right to be worshiped but you. You created me and I am your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You”.

The Prophet added, “If one recites it during the day with firm faith in it, and dies on the same day before evening, he will be among the people of Paradise; and if one recites it at night with firm faith in it, and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise.”

‘O Allah! we seek help from You, we seek Your forgiveness, we seek Your guidance.

We turn in repentance to You. We place our trust in You. We laud Your name. We give thanks to you for the prosperity You have bestowed. We do not turn from you in disbelief. We renounce and turn away from whomever disobeys you and rebels against Your commandments.’

‘O Allah! We worship You. To You we pray and to you we Prostrate. To you we hasten, to work for you and to serve you. We beg for Your mercy and fear Your punishment. On whom your punishment falls is surely an unbeliever. Your punishment will overtake and strike the unbeliever.’

‘O Allah! Lead me to the true faith together with those whom You have guided. Pardon me together with those whom You have pardoned. Protect me together with those whom You have protected. Bless me with what You have provided. Keep me safe from the evil You have ordained, for You decree and none decrees upon You. No one who is in Your care is brought down, and no one is rewarded to whom You show enmity.’ ‘O Rabb! You are most Praised, most Sublime.’

Believers are instructed to seek all permitted ways to ask Allah’s help and assistance. Allah conveys the good news in the following verse of the Qur’an: “And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out” Holy Qur’an, 65:2. “And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if any one puts his Trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him”. Holy Qur’an, 65:3).

The promise of sustenance is definite; only we have to serve Him. It is then impossible that having created us by His will and intention He would deprive us of His favors; granted us life and would not help us; demand His right to be worshiped and served and would not provide us with our right to sustenance. He is Most Gracious, who can be at loss after serving HIM?

Another mode of beseeching the aid of Allah is to exercise patience during misfortunes and adversities. Whether one is a dervish or a king, pauper or an affluent, all are involved in some misfortune or the other, “Verily, We have created man into toil and struggle” Holy Qur’an, 90:4. Since Allah tests us in misfortune, He involves in calamity. He makes us cry and laugh. “That it is He who granteth Laughter and Tears”. Holy Qur’an, 53:43. “That it is He who granteth Death and Life”: Holy Qur’an, 53:44.

“That it is He who giveth wealth a satisfaction” Holy Qur’an, 53:48). That is why Allah has shown us the way to safeguard ourselves from misfortunes and that way is Patience.

Allah ordains “O ye who believe persevere in patience and constancy, vie in such perseverance, strengthen each other; and fear Allah that ye may prosper”. Holy Quran, 3:200. Patience only and patience by the command of Allah. “Therefore be patient with constancy to the command of thy Lord” Holy Quran, 76:24. “And do thou be patient, for thy patience is but from Allah” Holy Qur’an, 16:127. By being patient, afflictions can be endured easily. Clouds of grief get scattered and burden of grief gets lightened.

If one has love of Allah and considers misfortunes to be by His Command, such misfortunes become bearable easily. If one is certain that Allah is Forgiving and Loving. If one has the conviction that he is the Beneficent and the Merciful and of infinite Bounty then one will consider his misfortunes and calamities as hidden compassions.

After being saturated in Faith and love of Allah, illness, distress and starvation would be borne cheerfully and graciously. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has said: Paradise is surrounded by things which are unpleasant to passions and Hell is surrounded by passions and pleasures. (Muslim)

Passions get subdued due to misfortunes and afflictions. Man gets tamed and turns towards Allah and forms afflictions with Him and dissociates himself from others. There is no other agency than grief which could mould the character of man. It is grief which subdues passions and purifies the soul. If the disease of the heart could be cured by grief and we develop endurance and constancy, thousands of pleasures could be sacrificed on such grief.

Ya Allah, bless Your Prophet and his house hold and make permanent through the Qur’an the rightness of our outward selves, keep out confusing thoughts from the soundness of our innermost minds, wash away the dirt of our hearts and remove the bondage of our burdens, compose our scattered affairs, quench in the halting place of presentation before You the thirst of our burning heat, and cloth us in the robes of security in this world and at our resurrection on the day of judgement!

Ya Allah, bless Your Prophet and his household, and through the Qur’an redress our lack, through absence of  impoverishment, drive towards us the comforts of life and in abundance of plentiful provisions, turn aside blameworthy character traits, and base moral qualities, and preserve us from the of faithlessness and the motives of hypocrisy, until the Qur’an would be for us at the resurrection a leader to Your good pleasure and your gardens, and for us in this world against your displeasure and transgressing Your bounds, a protector and a witness. Amin Ya Rabb.